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Today November 2, the United Nations observes the International Day to End Impunity for Crimes Against Journalists




The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 2 November as the ‘International Day to End Impunity  for Crimes against Journalists’ in General Assembly Resolution A/RES/68/163. The Resolution urged  Member States to implement definite measures countering the present culture of impunity. The date was  chosen in commemoration of the assassination of two French journalists in Mali on 2 November 2013. 

This landmark resolution condemns all attacks and violence against journalists and media workers. It also urges Member States to do their utmost to prevent violence against journalists and media workers, to  ensure accountability, bring to justice perpetrators of crimes against journalists and media workers, and  ensure that victims have access to appropriate remedies. It further calls upon States to promote a safe  and enabling environment for journalists to perform their work independently and without undue  interference. 


On this year’s International Day to End Impunity for Crimes Against Journalists, the world, including the  media, faces an entirely new challenge: COVID-19. 

The pandemic has highlighted new perils for journalists and media workers, even as the number of  attacks on their physical safety has grown. There were at least 21 attacks on journalists covering protests  in the first half of 2020 – equal to the number of such attacks in the whole of 2017. There have also been  additional constraints on the work of journalists, including threats of prosecution, arrest, imprisonment,  denial of journalistic access and failures to investigate and prosecute crimes against them.  

When journalists are targeted, societies as a whole pay a price. If we do not protect journalists, our ability  to remain informed and make evidence-based decisions is severely hampered.  When journalists cannot  do their jobs in safety, we lose an important defence against the pandemic of misinformation and  disinformation that has spread online.  

Fact-based news and analysis depend on the protection and safety of journalists conducting independent  reporting, rooted in the fundamental tenet: “journalism without fear or favour”. 

As the world fights the COVID-19 pandemic, I reiterate my call for a free press that can play its essential  role in peace, justice, sustainable development and human rights. 


On December 23, 2010, TV program presenter and investigative journalist Johnny (“Poentje”) Castro was  killed by two gunshots at point blank range in the garden of his home in Aruba. 

Considering the fact that a member of the press corps was murdered, a special criminal investigation  team (TGO, Team Grootschalig Onderzoek) was created, and the Dutch Forensic Institute involved to  examine various items, including the cellphone of the victim. 

Poentje Castro was a well known person in the community, because of his TV Program “Un Dia den Bida” in which he would interview or document people from all walks of life who had an interesting story to tell. 

Castro gained fame and notoriety, the former because of his skills to document controversial issues,  including a documentary on the life of an Aruba inmate in a prison controlled by the prisoners in the state  of Falcon, Venezuela, based entirely on secretly recorded telephone calls. 

Castro also got embroiled in a controversial issue which was never fully clarified by the authorities,  involving his possession of a laptop, obtained from a local popular musician, which laptop according to  reports contained child pornography material. 

Castro was also acquainted with Dutch reporters who had covered the Natalee Holloway case and Joran  van der Sloot, and managed to secretly record conversations with alleged persons of interest or sources  with alleged information about Joran van der Sloot’s involvement in the Natalee Holloway disappearance. 

In 2013, the Office of the Prosecution Service in Aruba admitted having no concrete leads, or persons of  interest or possible suspects yet in the Poentje Castro murder case. 

In 2015, a local man, Francis Dijkhoff accused former Minister of Tourism Otmar Oduber of having been  directly involved in the murder of Poentje Castro, giving details about several possible reasons, the most  conspicuous being drug rings operating at musical concerts and electric festivals in Aruba, and  associated large scale drug trafficking through shipping containers to and from Aruba. 

Dijkhoff was forced to retract all accusations against Oduber in a slander and defamation summary court  case initiated by Otmar Oduber.

According to the Office of the Prosecution Service the case remains open, but as yet with no progress  made since 2015, and no additional information has been disclosed since 2015. 

This case is highly controversial, because in conversations Rainbow Warriors Core Foundation sustained  with various local journalists, many were reluctant to discuss the case openly and candidly, hinting at a  possible cover up and the protection of high profile persons from criminal investigation by the same Office of the Prosecution Service under political pressure. 

While the public consensus is that Castro was killed for either personal reasons or indeed knowledge of  organized crime activities related to drug trafficking, the fact remains that Castro also had knowledge of  child pornography and possibly pedophile rings in Aruba. 

In the Netherlands the notorious Demmink affair involving high ranking justice officials being accused of  pedophile activities, spanning a period from 1997 till around 2014, reads like a Hollywood plot of the  underbelly of society and the rich and political elite entwined in a world of intrigue, sexual abuse of  minors, political strong arming tactics and above all cover ups. 

Psychologist Rita Zecher Enahoro, who worked at the Office of the Prosecution Service in Aruba on  cases of sexual abuse of minors, in her book “Boa. Aruba in de wurggreep” gives an ugly and gripping  account of her findings about sexual abuse of minors and in particular sketches an appalling image of “the stranglehold of the all powerful pedophile rings in Aruba, and who control the judiciary”. 

The Jeffrey Epstein case, which allegedly also involves pedophile rings operated in various well-known,  but not named Caribbean islands, and the revelations by Zecher Enahoro hint at other plausible motives  for silencing Castro. 

Fact of the matter is that the case remains unsolved to this date, with no urgency to resolve this murder  ten years after the crime was committed.